Jeffrey Robertson, "Economic Effects of Infectious Disease", Research Note, Parliament of Australia, 13 May 2003
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) has highlighted the potentially severe threat posed by infectious diseases to modern economies. The economic cost of infectious disease outbreaks are increasingly becoming a global concern. Estimates on the cost of the SARS outbreak range from US$10 billion to US$30 billion. This can be compared to the 1994 locally- contained outbreak of plague in Surat, India, estimated to cost of US$2 billion and the 1997 Avian Flu in Hong Kong estimated to have cost hundreds of millions of dollars in lost poultry production, commerce and tourism.